By Geoffrey L.J. Haig
The Iranian languages, because of their unprecedented time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few situations the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is really documented. but remarkably, inside of old syntax, the Iranian case has bought purely very superficial insurance. This ebook presents the 1st in-depth remedy of alignment switch in Iranian, from previous Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the e-book examines the declare that ergativity in center Iranian emerged from an outdated Iranian agented passive building. This view is rejected in favour of a thought which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. therefore the first mechanisms concerned isn't really reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing development. The thought of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal function, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation. within the moment a part of the e-book, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that during the next advancements within the morphosyntax, specified elements comparable to contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, in truth built remarkably independently of each other. It used to be this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that ended in the infamous multiplicity of alignment kinds in Iranian, a incontrovertible fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. in addition to information from greater than 20 Iranian languages, awarded in a way that renders them obtainable to the non-specialist, there's large dialogue of extra basic subject matters resembling the adequacy of useful debts of alterations in case platforms, discourse strain and the position of animacy, the suggestion of go with the flow, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.
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Extra info for Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology [EALT])
Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology [EALT]) by Geoffrey L.J. Haig